Science is the process of determining the behavior of matter using observation, testing, and reason. Reason, as defined by John Locke is the “discovery of the certainty or probability of such propositions or truths, which the mind arrives at by deduction made from such ideas, as it has got by the use of its natural faculties…”
Faith on the other hand is any belief based on that which is unobservable and untestable, any belief beyond the discovery of reason, or as Locke would say, “where revelation comes into its own is where reason cannot reach. Where we have few or no ideas for reason to contradict or confirm, this is the proper matters for faith. . .being beyond the discovery of reason, are purely matters of faith; with which reason has nothing to do.”
Christianity accepts that God created matter with a finite beginning. Scientist prefer their version, the Big Bang Theory of something from nothing, a supernatural belief not based on direct observation of that which preceded creation. According to the most fundamental law of science, a self-created universe is an unscientific belief, an irrational belief.
If the universe was not created by God, where did it come from? The Law of Conservation of Energy demands that the sum of mass and energy is always constant in any closed system, including the universe; that without an outside force neither mass nor energy can create itself, nor can mass or energy be destroyed. Mass can be converted into energy, and visa-versa, so mass and energy are limited to interchangeability [E=MC2].
The Law of Conservation of Energy says that nothing can come from nothing. Matter/anti-matter pairs do not self-generate from nothing because they are both composed of positive mass with either positive or negative quantum numbers. An outside force is required to bring matching matter/anti-matter particles into existence. [The term anti-matter is a misnomer because the mass, and therefore energy, of matter and anti-matter are equal.] Just as matter/anti-matter interaction does not and cannot result in nothing, nothing does not and cannot result in paired matter/anti-matter. The existence of both requires the energy of creation or they simply have always existed. Even if an entire universe of anti-matter were discovered alongside our universe of matter, to be in compliance with the Law of Conservation of Energy, it would require an outside force to bring them both into existence out of nothing.
It is self-evident that if the universe was not created by God, and since it could not create itself, and since it cannot be destroyed, it must be eternal in time, both in the past and in the future. The most basic law of science tells us that outside power is a requirement for the creation of nature’s mass and energy, so we are left with either an eternal God with no beginning and no end who created our finite universe or we have an eternal uncreated universe with no beginning and no end.
Faith is any belief based on that which is unobservable, such as belief in God, and since no one was or could have been present to observe the beginning of an uncreated universe with no beginning, belief in an eternal uncreated universe is based on faith, a truth which for the most part lies undiscovered, the irreducible basis for both religion and atheist belief. Adherence to the law of conservation of energy does not require us to choose one over the other; it simply requires that one must be true and the other false. Both religion and atheism represent leaps of faith equal in magnitude but opposite in direction, two mutually exclusive beliefs, each beyond the discovery of reason.
Religion is not based on reason or science but on faith in an eternal God of creation, a belief which is undiscoverable by scientific observation, a belief beyond the discovery of reason. Likewise, atheism is not based on scientific reasoning but on faith that the universe is uncreated and eternal, a belief which is undiscoverable by scientific observation, a belief beyond the discover of reason.
It goes without saying that nobody was or could have been there to observe the beginning of anything whose timeline stretches back into the eternal infinite past, a universe without beginning, except God. Science and reason are relevant to the universe which can be observed but it is faith, not science or reason that is relevant to the origin of the universe. Reason is only capable of comprehending the universe, not the origin of the universe which requires faith.
Some atheists define faith as any belief which is in conflict with reason but this is actually the definition of error. Some atheists define faith as acceptance of an idea in the absence of evidence or proof, which is to say faith is any belief undiscovered by reason and science. But, a belief undiscovered by reason and science is not the same as a belief beyond the discovery of reason and science.
Faith in God can be made tangible and rational by accepting the idea that each individual possesses infinite and therefore equal value in the eyes of an equalizing Creator, value which thereby renders to individuals corresponding equal unalienable rights to life, liberty and the fruit of labor in their creative pursuit of happiness. This view of human nature was held by our Founding Fathers and was expressed in the Declaration of Independence.
Without God we will never have scientific knowledge of the origin of an eternal uncreated universe since no person was or could have been present to observe the beginning of a universe with no beginnings.
“The doctrine of a personal God interfering with natural events could never be refuted….by science, for it can always take refuge in those domains in which scientific knowledge has not yet been able to set foot.” Albert Einstein
Source: Science and Faith, by Ronald R. Cherry, MD