America has become a nation of pill poppers. The U.S., with just 5% of the world’s population, consumes a whopping 75% of all prescription drugs. Whatever you need – don’t worry, they got a pill for it – from depression, to a long list of embarrassing maladies we discover on TV commercials. Unfortunately, pills cannot fix the human condition, they just mask the symptoms.
Molly Crockett, a neuroscientist at Oxford University, doesn’t believe we pop enough pills, or at least the right type of pill. She is now proposing a “brave new world” type of drug, something akin to a morality pill. According to Crockett, studies have shown that by shifting brain chemistry you can change personalities. She even suggested a couple of chemical candidates for the morality pill. One is the hormone oxytocin which is sometimes called the “moral molecule,” or the “love hormone,” or the “cuddle chemical,” which some studies have suggested can increase a person’s level of trust, empathy, and cooperation. Other studies however have shown the hormone boosts envy and gloating, makes people more likely to favor members of their own group and increases dishonesty. A second candidate is serotonin which is often called the “happy hormone,” to enhance moral qualities such as empathy. Good news! According to Crockett, such a pill is not far from reality.
“This is less a scientific question, than it is a philosophical question,” said Crockett, adding that the debate as to what is moral has been going on for years. “I think the place to start is that there are probably certain types of moral behaviors that we would want people to want to do.” For example, she said, we may want to enhance the tendency to encourage people to make a very small sacrifice that would benefit a large number of people. That is probably something that most people would agree is definitely moral.”
But who would want such a pill, who would decide when to use it, and who is that WE she keeps talking about? Off hand, I can think of at least three – the White House, Congress, and the Pentagon. [And, perhaps a few parents with more than one teenager in the house at a time]. Is a morality pill possible?
According to an article in the Guardian, science is far from creating a pill that can turn sinners into saints. Of course they might have forgotten that we already have anti-depressants on the market that dull the senses and can turn saints into sinners. The government has been handing them out on the battlefield like candy.
The whole idea reminds me of A Brave New World by Aldous Huxley. Ah Soma, the government’s drug of choice. “The world’s stable now. People are happy; they get what they want, and they never want what they can’t get. They’re well off; they’re safe; they’re never ill; they’re not afraid of death; they’re blissfully ignorant of passion and old age; they’re plagued with no mothers or fathers; they’ve got no wives, or children, or lovers to feel strongly about; they’re so conditioned that they practically can’t help behaving as they ought to behave. And if anything should go wrong, there’s soma.
The governments of the world would love such a pill. What could possibly go wrong? After all, we’ve never had to deal with the unintended consequences of technology and social engineering, right?
“Free will, though it makes evil possible, is also the only thing that makes possible any love or goodness or joy worth having. A world…of creatures that work like machines would hardly be worth creating. The happiness which God designs for His higher creatures is the happiness of being freely, voluntarily united to Him and to each other in an ecstasy of love and delight compared with which the most rapturous love between a man and a woman on this earth is mere milk and water.” C.S. Lewis