The Serpent

It is impossible to comprehend what God is trying to tell us without rightly dividing the Word, without knowing the subject and object of what we’re reading.

You cannot pick up a novel, read a few sentences here and there, and then claim to understand what the novelist is trying to convey. So why do you think the same will work with the Word of God?

Not too long ago I overheard a minister attempting to explain the story of Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden.  He actually said that in the beginning snakes not only talked, but walked on two legs and it was only after God cursed them for tempting Eve into eating an apple that they began to crawl on their belly.   That statement is wrong on so many levels.

First, the word apple is not even written in the book of Genesis. The first-time apple is used appears is in the book of Deuteronomy and even there it was not referring to fruit.  Second, Adam and Eve covered themselves with fig leaves, not apple leaves. And lastly, snakes never walked or talked, not even in the Garden of Eden.

In Scripture a figure of speech is used for the purpose of calling attention to or emphasizing and/or intensifying the reality of the literal sense and the truth of historical facts.  In other words, the words used may not be strictly true to the letter – but they are all truer to the truth conveyed.

Genesis 3:1 reads that the “serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made.”  The Hebrew word, serpent, as used in Genesis is nachash,  meaning to shine or a shining one, from a prime root meaning to whisper or enchant.  The Hebrew word subtle is aruwm, meaning cunning or crafty.

The serpent in the Garden was not a snake but a description of an individual that Eve perceived to possess superior knowledge.  As a second witness, Paul wrote in 2 Cor. 11:3 “as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtility.” The Greek word for serpent is ophis, meaning figuratively a snake or a malicious person. Subtility in the Greek is labiybah meaning craftiness.

The word beast as used in Genesis 3:1 is the Hebrew word chay meaning alive, from the prime root chayah meaning to live, to be whole. This is in direct contrast to Gen: 6:7, 7:2, 8:20 and 34:23 where the Hebrew word “bhemah” is used to denote a “dumb beast” or animal.

When Satan is spoken of as a serpent in the Garden it is only an implied representation such as when Dan is called a serpent (Gen 49:17), or Nero called a lion (2Tim:4:17), or Herod a fox (Luke 13:32) or Judah a lion’s whelp or when doctrine is called leaven (Matt 16:6), or when you might refer to someone as a snake in the grass.

God cursed the serpent in Genesis 3:14 “above all cattle, and above every beast (living being) of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:” This paints a picture of Satan’s ultimate humiliation and defeat, just as in Psalm 44:25 where it is written, “our belly cleaveth unto the ground,” denoting a long prostration and submission.

God tells the serpent He will put enmity between him (the serpent) and the woman and between thy Serpent) seed and her seed; He [Christ] shall bruise thy head and thou shalt bruise His heel. The Hebrew word for seed, as used throughout the Old Testament, is zara, meaning to conceive seed, from the prime root zera to conceive.

The word serpent is used throughout the Bible for Satan.  In Rev 12:9 “the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil and Satan.” Dragon is the Greek word “drakon,” a kind of serpent as supposed to fascinate.  In Rev 9:11 we learn that Satan is also called Abaddon meaning the destroyer, and Apollyon meaning the destroying angel of the abyss.

In Isaiah 12:24 Satan is called the King of Babylon (confusion) and Lucifer (the morning star in the sense of brightness or shining, as in the serpent in the Garden) in Isaiah 14:12-14. In Ezekiel Satan is called the King of Tyre and in John 17:12 he is called the Son of Perdition (eternal damnation).

Satan has many names and many disguises that he uses in the religious arena. Many Christians think that the seeds of heresy are found only in cults and in off-beat religious sects, but the truth is Satan knows the Word better than most ministers and spreads his deceptions through the pulpit.

John, in his first letter, and Paul, in his letter to the Ephesians, reminds us that heretical teachers are often found within the church itself, just as Jesus taught in Matt: 13:2-9 that the dormant seeds of heresy can be sown from the pulpit.

We are lost if we remain uninformed as to the truth of the Bible. We must be able to discern the difference between the “true Word” and “tradition,” the “essential” and the “incidental,” and to do that we must become dedicated students of the Scriptures.

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